The American Board of Health Physics (ABHP) is proud to present the William A. McAdams Outstanding Service Award to James E. Turner. This award is given annually to a Certified Health Physicist who has made significant contributions towards the advancement of professionalism in health physics and to the health physics certification process. The strength of the profession and the certification process relies on the professional strengths and leadership of the people who serve the American Academy of Health Physics (AAHP), the American Board of Health Physics, and the Panels.
Jim became certified in 1966. He served on the Comprehensive Certification Panel of Examiners from 1987 to 1992 and he was elected President of the American Academy of Health Physics for 1993. Jim's service on the Panel is recalled as superb. He was one of the Panel's most knowledgeable and helpful members. He was a prolific contributor to the question pool and the source of guidance for many panel members. He was a real gentleman who never made you feel that he was your technical superior, but certainly was and every one on the Panel knew it. During his tenure as president-elect and president of the AAHP, he led the effort to develop a draft Vision Statement for the AAHP. This Vision Statement was published in the December 1992 HP Newsletter and formed the basis for the development of the AAHP Long Range Strategic Plan. Jim also facilitated the transition of the ABHP from a separate corporation into an arm of the AAHP. During this period the AAHP approved the ABHP Policy Manual and gained responsibility for the funds formally held by the ABHP.
Jim has been associated with the radiation protection field from nearly the beginning of his career. He received an A.B. in physics from Emory University in 1951. He continued his education with an M.S. in industrial hygiene from Harvard University in 1953. He studied at the University of Gottingen, Germany, for one year as a Fulbright-Scholar (1953-1954). Finally, he earned his Ph.D. in Physics from Vanderbilt University in 1956.
Jim's first job was as a teacher at Yale University from 1956 to 1958. The official title was Instructor of Physics. He then moved to working with the Atomic Energy Commission in Headquarters from 1958 to 1962 as a radiological physicist. In 1962, he moved to Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), where he subsequently held a number of positions, starting in the old Health Physics Division. He became Associate Division Director from 1974-1977, before returning full-time into research. He was named a Corporate Research Fellow at ORNL in 1988. He retired from ORNL four years ago.
In 1978, Jim was President of the East Tennessee Chapter, Health Physics Society. This chapter presented him with its Lifetime Achievement Award in 1987. As a member of the Health Physics Society, Jim was elected to be a member of the Board of Directors from 1980 to 1983. The Society in 1988 honored his commitments in the area of health physics by making him a Health Physics Society Fellow and then in 1992 honored him again with the Distinguished Scientific Achievement Award.
Jim has served as a researcher in the field of interaction of radiation with matter, early physical/chemical events in irradiated liquid water, atomic and molecular interactions, and interaction of metal ions with nucleic acids and proteins (chemical dosimetry). Jim and his family spent a year during 1969 and 1970 at CERN in Geneva, Switzerland. There, as a visiting scientist, he carried out research on the use of negative pions for radiotherapy. He was a World Health Organization Consultant for two months, teaching health physics at the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre in Bombay, India, in 1967 and again in 1973. In 1978 and 1979, he was a consultant to the Institute of Nuclear Energy, Sao Paulo, Brazil. During his employment days and since retirement, he has also spent extended periods as a visiting scientist at the GSF-Institut fur Strahlenschutz, Neuherberg, Germany. As a result of all his research and teaching activities, Jim has been the author/co-author of over 250 open literature publications in the area of radiation physics and dosimetry and the chemical toxicity of metal ions. He has written or co-authored three textbooks on radiation physics and health physics, one of which is recommended reading for candidates preparing to take the Certification Exam (Atoms, Radiation and Radiation Protection, Turner, J. E., New York: Wiley-Interscience, 1995). Jim was also K. Z. Morgan's co-editor of Principles of Radiation Protection.
In addition to all these research and publishing activities, he has been an active participant in many national and international organizations. From 1962 to 1965, Jim was a member of the International Commission on Radiological Protection Task Group on High-Energy Dosimetry. From 1963 to 1965, he was a member of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS)-National Research Council (NRC) Subcommittee on Penetration of Charged Particles. From 1977 to 1984, he was a member of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements. From 1980 to 1984, he was a member of the committee that prepared ICRU Report 37 on Stopping Powers for Electrons and Positrons. And, from 1988 to 1992, he was a member of the NAS-NRC Committee on Dosimetry for the Radiation Effects Research Foundation (RERF) (1988-1992). Jim and colleagues at ORNL hold a patent, Ionizing Radiation Detector System, that was granted in June 1990.
As stated earlier, Jim's first job was as a teacher. In reality, he never quit teaching. He just changed where and how he did it. Many students across the country perhaps know him from his textbooks, review articles, or PEP courses given over the years at the HPS annual meetings. For those fortunate enough to live in East Tennessee, you may have actually had the privilege of being in a class taught by Jim in the University of Tennessee Evening School, where he is still an adjunct professor in the Department of Nuclear Engineering. This past semester he taught a graduate course, Contemporary Health Physics, Preparation for the ABHP Part II Exam.
Because communicating the principles of radiation protection, radiation detection, and health physics is so important to Jim, he made a significant contribution in the area of the published word. Jim was one of the editors of the Health Physics Journal from 1974 to 1979. He was an Associate Editor of Radiation Research from 1980 to 1983 and again from 1991 to 1995. He is presently on the Editorial Boards of two other journals: Radiation Measurements and Radiation and Environmental Biophysics. Despite Jim's brilliance and notoriety, Jim has remained a down-to-earth and approachable individual.
Finally, in his spare time, for 45 years Jim has been the husband of Renate Turner, whom he met when he was a Fulbright student in Germany. They have three children.
Today, the American Board of Health Physics would like to recognize his many distinctive accomplishments and contributions to the certification process. I take great pride and privilege in presenting the 2000 William A. McAdams Outstanding Service Award to James E. Turner.
Robert P. Miltenberger, Vice Chair ABHP