Section 7 - Suggested Study References

The following bibliography is intended to provide the candidate with reference material related to the general topics covered in the exam. The Board does not mean to imply that study of these references, only, will ensure successful performance on the examination. This listing is by no means complete, and the candidate may need to consult additional reports, journals, and text books for information not provided in the references below. Candidates may also want to check for the most recent edition of the references below as these may provide more up-to-date material.

At the same time, the Board does not want to imply that study of all of these references is necessary to successfully complete the examination. The list is provided as a guide to the type of material that should be studied.

1.National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements Reports

The NCRP publishes several reports each year dealing with radiation safety and the basic science supporting recommendations for controls. Many of these reports are valuable resources for studying for the certification examination. While a lengthy list of about one hundred reports may be found on the NCRP website (, the candidate would not be well served by trying to read all of these reports. Some of the more valuable reports are listed below (report number, title, and year published). Note that this list is not to be considered all-encompassing. Some candidates may find other reports useful, or find that some of these reports do not add to the level of understanding to answer exam questions. The reports were divided into the following general categories: basic science, physics, radiation protection, emergency planning, nonionizing radiation, and environmental studies.

Basic science – including radiation biology and epidemiology

136   Evaluation of the Linear-Nonthreshold Dose-Response Model for Ionizing Radiation (2001) 
130   Biological Effects and Exposure Limits for "Hot Particles" (1999) 
128   Radionuclide Exposure of the Embryo/Fetus (1998) 
121   Principles and Application of Collective Dose in Radiation Protection (1995) 
115   Risk Estimates for Radiation Protection (1993) 
104   The Relative Biological Effectiveness of Radiations of Different Quality (1990) 
101   Exposure of the U.S. Population from Occupational Radiation (1989) 
100   Exposure of the U.S. Population from Diagnostic Medical Radiation (1989) 
92   Public Radiation Exposure from Nuclear Power Generation in the United States (1988) 
82   SI Units in Radiation Protection and Measurements (1985)

Physics – including radiation detection instrumentation

97   Measurement of Radon and Radon Daughters in Air (1988) 
57   Instrumentation and Monitoring Methods for Radiation Protection (1978)

Radiation protection – for the fields of medicine, dentistry, nuclear power, space applications, educational institutions, radiography, etc. The reports review development, recordkeeping, procedures, and other elements of specific programs.

145   Radiation Protection in Dentistry (2003) 
144   Radiation Protection for Particle Accelerator Facilities (2003) 
127   Operational Radiation Safety Program (1998) 
120   Dose Control at Nuclear Power Plants (1994) 
117   Research Needs for Radiation Protection (1993) 
116   Limitation to Exposure to Ionizing Radiation (1993) 
105   Radiation Protection for Medical and Allied Health Personnel (1989) 
88   Radiation Alarms and Access Control Systems (1987)

Emergency planning – for radiation exposures, radioactivity releases

138   Management of Terrorist Events Involving Radioactive Material (2001) 
65   Management of Persons Accidentally Contaminated with Radionuclides (1980)

Nonionizing Radiation

119   A Practical Guide to the Determination of Human Exposure to Radiofrequency Fields (1993) 
86   Biological Effects and Exposure Criteria for Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields (1986) 
74   Biological Effects of Ultrasound: Mechanisms and Clinical Implications (1983)

Environmental studies – radioecology, pathway analysis, radiation exposures in the environment

103 Control of Radon in Houses (1989) 
94   Exposure of the Population in the United States and Canada from Natural Background Radiation (1988) 
93   Ionizing Radiation Exposure of the Population of the United States (1987) 
62   Tritium in the Environment (1979) 
50   Environmental Radiation Measurements (1976)

It is recommended that a candidate carefully consider the areas in which he/she feels the need for significant additional basic study. Then obtain the listing of publications from the NCRP website and use those reports as study references. Most libraries associated with a university health physics program will have the NCRP publications available for review. This avoids considerable time and the expense of having the candidate order the reports.

Listing and publications also available from: 
NCRP Publications 
7910 Woodmont Avenue 
Bethesda, MD 20814

2.International Commission on Radiation Protection Publications - 
Listing and publications available from: 
Elsevier Science, Inc 
660 White Plains Road 
Tarrytown, NY 10591-5153 
     Or or 

3.International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements Reports. 
Listing and reports available from: 
ICRU Publications 
7910 Woodmont Avenue 
Bethesda, MD 20814 

4.ANSI Standards. 
Listing and Standards available from: 
American National Standards Institute 
11 West 42nd Street 
New York, NY 10036 

5.Chart of the Nuclides 
The 15th edition (1996) of the General Electric Chart of the Nuclides is available as a booklet or wall chart and is available from: 
General Electric 
Chart of the Nuclides 
c/o GE Nuclear Energy 
175 Curtner Avenue M/C 948 
San Jose, CA 95125-1088 

6.Book References:

Attix, F.H., Introduction to Radiological Physics and Radiation Dosimetry. New York: John Wiley & Sons; 1986.

Bevelaqua, J. Basic Health Physics: Problems and Solutions. New York. John Wiley and Sons; 1999.

Bevelaqua, J. Contemporary Health Physics: Problems and Solutions. New York. John Wiley and Sons; 1995.

Cember, H., Introduction to Health Physics. 3rd ed., New York: McGraw Hill; 1996.

Eckerman, K.F.; Wolbarst, A.B.; Richardson, A.C.B., Limiting Values of Radionuclide Intake and Air Concentration and Dose Conversion Factors for Inhalation, Submersion, and Ingestion, Federal Guidance Report No. 11. Washington: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, 1988; available from NTIS.

Eichholz, G.G.; Poston, J.W., Principles of Nuclear Radiation Detection. Ann Arbor: Ann Arbor Science; 1982.

Eisenbud, M. Environmental Radioactivity. New York: Academic Press; 3rd ed.; 1987.

Faw, Richard E.E. and Shultis, Kenneth, Radiological Assessment: Sources and Exposures. Prentice Hall, 1992.

Friedlander, G.; Kennedy, J.W.; Maclas, E.S.; Miller, J.M. Nuclear and Radiochemistry. New York: John Wiley & Sons; 3rd ed.; 1981.

Gollnick, D.A. Basic Radiation Protection Technology. Pacific Radiation Press, 3rd ed., 1994

Hall, E.J. Radiobiology for the Radiologist. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Company, 4th ed., 1994.

Health Physics. (journal), Pergamon Press (vol. 1-62), Williams and Wilkins (vol. 63-current).

Hendee, W.R., Medical Radiation Physics. St. Louis, MO: Mosby Year Book Publishers; 3rd ed.; 1992.

Hubner, K.F.; Fry, S.A. The Medical Basis for Radiation Accident Preparedness. New York: Elsevier/North Holland, 1980.

International Atomic Energy Agency, IAEA Safety Series. Catalogue and documents available from: 
4611-F Assembly Drive 
Lanham, MD 20706-4391

Johns, H.E.; Cunningham, J.R. The Physics of Radiology. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas; 4th ed.; 1983.

Kase, K.R.; Bjarngard, B.E.; Attix, F.H., eds. The Dosimetry of Ionizing Radiation. New York: Academic Press, Inc.; v.1: 1985; v.2: 1987; v.3: 1990.

Knief, R.A., Nuclear Engineering - Theory and Technology of Commercial Nuclear Power. New York: Hemisphere Publishing Co.; 1992.

Knoll, G.F. Radiation Detection and Measurement. 2nd Ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons; 1989.

Kocher, D.C. Radioactive Decay Data Tables. Springfield, VA: National Technical Information Service; 1981.

Mettler Jr., F.A.; R.D. Moseley Jr., R.D. 1985. Medical Effects of Ionizing Radiation. Orlando, FL: Grune & Stratton, Inc.; 1985

Mettler, F.A. Kelsey, C.A.; Ricks, R.C. Medical management of Radiation Accidents. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press; 1990.

Miller, K.L., ed. Handbook of Management of Radiation Protection Programs. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press; 1992.

Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM). NUREG-1575, Rev. 1. Washington, DC; 2000.

Murray, Raymond L. Understanding Radioactive Waste. Fifth Edition, Battelle Press, 2003.

Moghissi, A.A.; Godbee, H.W.; Hobart, S.A. eds., Radioactive Waste Technology. New York: American Society of Mechanical Engineers and American Nuclear Society; 1986.

Mossman, K.L.; Mills, W.A., eds. The Biological Basis of Radiation Protection Practice. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins; 1992. (available from the Health Physics Society.)

Raabe, O.G., ed., Internal Radiation Dosimetry - Health Physics Society 1994 Summer School. Madison, WI: Medical Physics Publishing; 1994.

Shapiro J. Radiation Protection - A Guide for Scientists and Physicians. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press; 3rd ed. 1990.

Shultis, J. Kenneth, and Faw, Richard E. Radiation Shielding. Prentice Hall, 1996.

Sliney, D.H.; Wolbarsht, M.L. Safety with Lasers and Other Optical Sources. New York: Plenum Press; 1980.

Slade, D.H., ed. Meteorology and Atomic Energy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; USAEC; 1968. (See Randerson 1984).

Till, J.E. and Meyer, H. Robert, eds. Radiological Assessment, NUREG/CR-3332, US Nuclear Regulatory Commission, 1983.

Title 1 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Parts 1000-1050, Center for Devices and Radiological Health.

Title 10 CFR, Chapter 1, Parts 0-199, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

Title 29 CFR, Part 1910.96, Occupational Safety and Health Administration.

Title 40 CFR, Parts 61, 190-194, Environmental Protection Agency.

Title 49 CFR, Parts 171-179, U.S. Department of Transportation.

Turner, J.E. Atoms, Radiation, and Radiation Protection. New York: Wiley-Interscience, 1995.

United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR). Sources, Effects, and Risks of Ionizing Radiation. UNSCEAR's 1994 Report to the General Assembly, with Scientific Annexes. New York: United Nations; 1994.

U.S. Department of Energy. Radiological Control Manual. Springfield, VA: National Technical Information Service; Revision 1; April 1994.

U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Radiological Health Handbook. Washington: U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare; 1970; available from NTIS.

Wadsworth, H.M., ed., Handbook of Statistical Methods for Engineers and Scientists. New York: McGraw Hill; 1990.